Public Transportation of Korea
Do you know there are how many public transportation in South Korea? We have already seen Seoul’s public transportation, so, today Emagasia going to introduce you public transportation of Korea in depth.
Public Transportation of Korea
In Korea, the mass transportation system is well developed. Depending on the distance and time you have to travel you can choose from airplanes, trains or buses. Among the big cities in Korea, Seoul has the best transportation system. Once you get familiar with the mass transportation means you will be able to get around Seoul easily without much hassle.
The Korea Train Express ( KTX )
The Korea Train Express ( KTX ), which opened up in 2004 cut travel time between Seoul and Busan from 260 minutes to 160 minutes. A further improvement to 116 minutes is expected in 2010.
Subways in Seoul
Seoul’s subway is the easiest and fastest way to get around the city, taking it will enable you to arrive at your destination on time, even during rush hour. The subway can take you to every corner of Seoul and is conveniently connected to metropolitan areas and neighboring cities.
The Seoul Metropolitan Subway Corporation runs a total of 199 trains at 115 stations on lines 1 to 4. Generally, operation intervals are 2.5 to 3 minutes during rush hours and 4 to 6 minutes during non-rush hours. An average of 3,879,000 passengers use subway lines 1 to 4 everyday.
Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation
The Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation operates a total of 201 subway trains at 148 stations on lines 5 to 8. The operation intervals are from 2.5 to 6 minutes during rush hours and 5 to 6 minutes during non-rush hours. Around 2,037,000 passengers on average per day use subway lines 5 to 8.
Korean National Railroad
The Korean National Railroad operates seven lines: the Gyeongbu Line (Seoul – Suwon), the Gyeong-in Line (Guro -Incheon), the Gyeongwon Line (Yongsan – Suwon), the Ansan Line (Geumjeong – Ansan), the Gwacheon Line (Namtaeryeong – Geumjeong), the Bundang Line (Suseo – Ori), and the Ilsan Line (Jichuk – Daehwa). KNR covers a total of 104 stations with its 150 trains. The operation intervals are from 1.7 to 8 minutes during rush hours and 3.6 to 12 minutes during non-rush hours. An average of 2,177,000 people use KNR’s lines everyday.
Buses in Seoul
With the recently established bus-only lanes, Seoul’s bus system is also convenient to use. Only buses are allowed to use the bus lanes during rush hour and weekday Daytime hours, by so, the bus traffic flows smoothly even during traffic jams.
The Seoul Metropolitan Government is to operate newly designed buses on newly adjusted routes starting July 1, 2004. New bus stop signs will be more easily recognizable than the current ones, and will be color coded according bus type: Blue, Green, Red and Yellow. The following is a detailed description of each bus. Depending on its function, each bus has one of four colour.
Red express buses ( Wide Area Line )
Serve routes between major areas of the city and metropolitan state cities. The red buses are express buses designed specially for those commuting between downtown Seoul and the greater metropolitan area. The color red represents speed.
Blue buses ( Main Line )
Serve the major trunk roads between downtown Seoul and its satelite cities. Blue buses operate at higher speeds and access the median bus lane connecting suburban areas to downtown Seoul. The city government is partly in charge of their operation. Three kinds of buses comprise the Blue Bus category: bendable bus, CNG (compressed natural gas) bus with a lower platform, and regular large-sized CNG bus. The blue color represents Seoul’s skyline and the Hangang (River).
Green buses ( Branch Line )
Serve routes between subway station and nearby residential areas or stops for the blue buses. Green buses are flexibly operated by private bus companies, and connect to major subway stations or bus terminals in downtown Seoul. Green buses are similar with the city bus and the community shuttle bus currently in operation. Green represents the mountains surrounding the city.
Yellow buses ( Circular Line )
Serve circular belt roads in downtown and major metropolitan areas. Yellow buses circle downtown Seoul and stop at stations for blue buses and at major railway stations, as well as business, tourist and shopping areas. Yellow was selected for its dynamic and friendly image.