Continue from Lesson 8 – Korean Question Word – What Kind Of. Today we come to Learn Korean Language Lesson 9 – Korean Question Word – who/whose – 누구 [ nu-gu ]. 누구 is both the English equivalent of who and whose) to form Korean interrogative sentence (question) such as who is it? who’s there? whose it it? whose pencil is this? etc, etc. Korean Question Word – 누구 same as 무슨 same as 어느 followed by a noun and goes at the beginning of the sentences and doesn’t used together with 예요.
Korean Question Word – Who/Whose
Use 누구 like English question word- who/whose. Korean Question Word – 누구 (who/whose) same as 무슨 (what kind of) same as 어느 (which) followed by a noun and goes at the beginning of the sentences and doesn’t used together with 예요. For the time being, just remember that only 뭐 goes at the end of the sentences. 누구 can be used with noun plus 이에요/예요 (Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Identification). Nouns such as 첵 (book), 연필 (pencil), 핸드폰 (cellphone), 가방 (bag), and many more (view Korean Vocabulary – Things) to form questions like stated above.
- 누구세요? [ nu-gu-se-yo ] – Who’s there? or Who is it?
- 누구 거예요? [ nu-gu-geo-ye-yo ] – Whose is it?
- 누구 연필이에요? [ nu-gu-yeon-pil-i-e-yo ] – Whose pencil is it?
- 누구 가방이에요? [ nu-gu-ga-bang-i-e-yo ] – Whose bag is it?
누구 can be use with informal polite Korean Sentence Ending Form 세요 to ask question – 누구세요? means who’s there? or who is it?. 누구 거예요? is the same as asking 누구 책이에요? In here, 거 substitutes for 책. 거 is used in colloquial conversation, while 것 is used more in writing. Generally, 것 means a thing, an object, a matter or an affair.
Differences between Korean question words 무슨 (what kind of) and 어느 (which) and 누구 (whose) – 무슨 ask about ask about something details or characteristic, 어느 is asking someone to make a choice among multiple things. whereas 누구 is asking about belonging to which person or people.
- 무슨 책이에요? [ mu-seun-chaek-i-e-yo ] – What kind of book is it?
- 어느 책이에요? [ eo-neu-chaek-i-e-yo ] – Which book is it?
- 누구 책이에요? [ nu-gu-chaek-i-e-yo ] – Whose book is it?
There are many more Korean interrogative sentence can be formed by 누구, but for now, we learn the easiest first, we will go into more depth as we move on. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 10 – Korean Demonstrative Adjectives – This/That/That.