Learn Korean Language Lesson 5 – Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Identification
Continue from Learn Korean Language Lesson 4 – Korean Topic Marker, in Learn Korean Language Lesson 5, we will learn Korean sentence endings expressing identification – 이에요/예요. In Comparison of Korean and English, we knew that Korean verb comes last, the order of the Korean sentence is subject, object, verb. 이에요/예요 comes from the verb 이다. Formally, -입니다 (we will learn this in the future). Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Identification 이에요/예요 are attached to nouns.
Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Identification
이에요/예요 has the same usage as English word – Is. It helps describe some equivalence between two things. The rules are the same as Korean topic marker. 이에요 directly follows words that end in a consonant (with batchim), and 예요 is used after words ending in a vowel (without batchim). Do you remember what is batchim? Refer Korean Consonants 3. The subject is often omitted when it is obvious to the other person. However, when changing the topic, do not leave the subject out of the first sentence. See examples below:
Ending with a vowel
- (저는) 크리스티예요 [ keu-ri-seu-ti-ye-yo ] – I am Christy.
- (저는) 빌리예요 [ bil-ri-ye-yo ] – I am Billy.
- (저는) 간호사예요 [ gan-ho-sa-ye-yo ] – I am a nurse.
Ending with a consonants
- (저는) 이성민이에요 [ i-seong-min-i-e-yo ] – I am Lee Sung Min
- (저는) 경찰이에요 [ kyeong-chal-i-ye-yo ] – I am a police.
- (저는) 일본 사람이에요 [ il-bon-sa-ram-i-e-yo ] – I am Japanese.
Do you remember that sentence structure of Korean order of questions and its answer are the same in Comparison of Korean and English? The only difference between questions and answer is questions are always end with a rising tone and declarative sentences end with a slightly falling tone. Hence, when using 이에요/예요, just raising intonation at the end without any change in word order makes the sentence into a question. If you have any doubts on the pronunciation, go through Korean Language Reading Practice 2 – Yes or No.
- 의사예요? [ ui-sa-ye-yo ] – Are you a doctor?
- 한국 사람이에요? [ han-guk-sa-ram-i-e-yo ] – Are you Korean?
- 경찰 이에요? [ gyeong-chal-i-e-yo ] – Are you a police?
Do Korean Language Exercises 1 and practice your Korean reading skills in Korean Language Reading Practice 1 – Introducing Yourself. Then, continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 6 – Korean Question Word – What.