Learn Korean Language Lesson 33 – Korean Conjunction – But
Continue from Lesson 32 – Korean Question Word – How. Today we come to learn Korean Conjunction – But. In this learn Korean language lesson, we will learn conjunction – But – 지만 [ ji-man ]. It has the same meaning as English question word – how. In Korean, it is use to shows a contrast between the two sentences. 지만 is a coordinating conjunction used to connect two sentences together in a way that shows a contrast between the two. 지만 is added to the stem of the verb or adjective in the first sentence. Let’s start!
Korean Conjunction – But
We have learned Korean Conjunction – And in learn Korean language Lesson 23 and Lesson 31. To indicates a contrast between what is said before and after, use 지만. It is a coordinating conjunction used to connect two sentences together in a way that shows a contrast between the two. 지만 is added to the stem of the Korean Verbs or Korean Adjectives in the first sentence. Simply add it to the end of the verb or adjective stem regardless of whether it ends in a vowel or a consonant. For example, when the food was expensive but not very tasty, add this Korean conjunction to the end of the adjective stem to make contrast between expensive and tasteless. When you want to watch a movie but have no time, use it to show contrast between your desire and unavailability. See examples below.
- 이 식당은 비싸지만 맛이 없어요. [ i-sik-dang-eun-bi-ssa-ji-man-ma-si-eop-seo-yo ] – This restaurant is expensive but not very tasty.
- 그 영화를 보고 싶지만 시간이 없어요. [ geu-yeong-hwa-reul-bo-go-sip-ji-man-si-gan-i-eop-seo-yo ] – I want to watch that movie but I have no time.
- 토요일에는 하지만 일요일에는 하지 않아요. [ to-yo-il-e-neun-ha-ji-man-il-yo-il-e-neun-ha-ji-an-a-yo ] – It opens Saturday but closes on Sunday.
- 한국 친구가 있지만 자주 만날 수 없어요. [ han-guk-chin-gu-ga-it-ji-man-ja-ju-man-nal-su-eop-seo-yo ] – I have a Korean friend but we can’t meet often.
When two sentences are connected using 지만, the repeated part in the second sentence is usually omitted.
- 저는 학교에 가지만 친구는 학교에 안 가요. [ jeo-neun-hak-gyo-e-ga-ji-man-chin-gu-neun-hak-gyo-e-an-ga-yo ] – I go to school, but my friend doesn’t go to school.
- 저는 학교에 가지만 친구는 안 가요. [ jeo-neun-hak-gyo-e-ga-ji-man-chin-gu-neun-an-ga-yo ] – I go to school, but my friend doesn’t.
To make contrasts involving the past, 았/었지만 is used adding 았/었 to 지만 to indicate the Korean Past Tense. Simply replace 어요 in 았/었어요 with 지만.
- 어젯밤에 그 일을 했지만 안 가져 왔어요. [ i-jet-bam-e-geu-il-eul-haet-ji-man-an-ga-jyeo-wa-sseo-yo ] – I did the work last night but did not bring it with me.
- 아까 점심을 먹었지만 배가 고파요. [ a-gga-jeom-sim-eul-meo-geot-ji-man-bae-ga-go-pa-yo ] – I ate lunch a while ago but I am still hungry.
Learn Korean Language Flashback
Here are the learn Korean language flashback of previous lessons. Do you remember that we have learned Korean Irregular Verbs, the “Gangster Group” in Korean Hangeul system? There are a total of five Korean Irregular Verbs: ㄷ, ㅂ, ㄹ, 으 and 르. Let’s revise the ㅂ irregular verbs here. For more details, please revise that lesson. In Korean there are two types of verbs: Korean Action Verbs (to run, to sleep, to do, to work, to think, to study, etc.) and Descriptive Verbs which is the adjectives (to be happy, to be sad, to be cheap, to be expensive, to be good, to be bad, etc.). These two types of verbs are same when it comes to irregular. When an adjective stem ending in ㅂ is followed by the vowel 아, 어 or 으, the ㅂ changes to 우.
- 덥다 [ deop-da ] → 덥 + 어요 = 더워요 [ deo-wo-yo ] – to be hot
- 맵다 [ maep-da ] → 맵 + 어요 = 매워요 [ mae-wo-yo ] – to be hot (spicy)
- 춥다 [ chup-da ] → 춥 + 어요 = 추워요 [ chu-wo-yo ] – to be cold
- 쉽다 [ swip-da ] → 쉽 + 어요 = 쉬워요 [ swi-wo-yo ] – to be easy
- 어렵다 [ eo-ryeop-da ] → 어렵 + 어요 = 어려워요 [ eo-ryeo-wo-yo ] – to be difficult
- 날씨가 더워요. [ nal-ssi-ga-deo-wo-yo ] – It is hot.
- 한국 신문이 어려워요. [ han-guk-sin-mun-i-eo-ryeo-wo-yo ] – It is difficult to read a Korean newspaper.