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Learn Korean Language Lesson 29 – Korean Time

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Learn Korean Lesson 29 - Korean TimeContinue from Learn Korean Language Lesson 28 – Korean Past Tense. Today we come to Learn Korean Lesson 29 – Korean Time. In this Learn Korean Language Lesson, we will learn Korean Time. When telling time, Pure Korean numbers are used for the hour and Sino-Korean numbers (Chinese derived) are used for the minutes. Previously, in Korean numbers, we have learned that Pure Korean numbers are used for counting and Sino-Korean numbers are used for reading.

Korean Time

십오

다섯

이십

여섯

이십오

일곱

삼십

여덟

삼십오

아홉

사십

사십오

열한

오십

열두

오십오

Let’s think about this, traditionally, when we counting the clock one round, two round equals to one hour, two hour, hence, Pure Korean numbers are used. For minutes, we read it from the scale, 15 minutes, 30 minutes, Sino-Korean numbers are used. Expressing or reading the time in Korean, hours and is minutes are read differently. Hours – 시 [ si ] are read using the native Korean numbers, while minutes – 분 [ bun ] are read using the Sino-Korean numbers. Just like dates which we have learned in Korean Days of The Week, times are read from the largest to the smallest unit. For example, Friday, 9 in the morning will be read as 금요일 아침 아홉시 [ geum-yo-il-a-chim-a-hop-si ] but not 아홉시 아침 금요일 [ a-hop-si-a-chim-geum-yo-il ]. See examples below.

  • 2시 – 두 시 [ du-si ]
  • 3시 10분 – 세 시 십 분 [ se-si-sip-bun ]
  • 6시 – 여섯 시 [ yeo-seot-si ]
  • 10시 – 열 시 [ yeol-si ]
  • 1시 10분 – 한 시 십 분 [ han-si-sip-bun ]
  • 4시 45분 – 네 시 사십오 분 [ ne-si-sa-sip-o-bun ]
  • 6시 30분 – 여섯 시 삼십 분/ 여섯 시 반 [ yeo-seot-si-sam-sip-bun/yeo-seot-si-ban ]

Another way of saying 삼십 분 (30 minutes) is 반 (half), for example, 7:30 – 일곱시 삼십분 = 일곱시 반 [ il-gop-si-sam-sip-bun = il-gop-si-ban ]. When telling time, 새벽 [ sae-byeok ] means “midnight” (12 am to 6 am), 아침/오전 [ a-chim/o-jeon ] both means “morning” (6 am to 9 am/9 am to 12 pm) , 오후 [ o-hu ] means “afternoon” (12 pm to 6 pm), 저녁 [ jeo-nyeok ] means “evening” (6 pm to 9 pm) and 밤 [ bam ] means “night” (9 pm to 12 am). See examples below.

  • 1:00 am – 새벽 한 시 [ sae-byeok-han-si ]
  • 3:55 am – 새벽 세 시 오십오 분 [ sae-byeok-se-si-o-sip-o-bun ]
  • 7:35 am – 아침 일곱 시 삼십오 분 [ a-chim-il-gop-si-sam-sip-o-bun ]
  • 8:42 am – 아침 여덟 시 사십이 분 [ a-chim-yeo-deol-si-sa-sip-i-bun ]
  • 9:00 am – 아침 아홉 시 [ a-chim-a-hop-si ]
  • 11:00 am – 오전 열한 시 [ o-jeon-yeo-ran-si ]
  • 12:00 pm – 오후 열두 시 [ o-hu-yeol-du-si ]
  • 1:28 pm – 오후 한 시 이십팔 분 [ o-hu-han-si-i-sip-pal-bun ]
  • 2:00 pm – 오후 두 시 [ o-hu-du-si ]
  • 4:20 pm – 오후 네 시 이십 분 [ o-hu-ne-si-i-sip-bun ]
  • 6:10 pm – 저녁 여섯 시 십 분 [ jeo-nyeok-yeo-seot-si-sip-bun ]
  • 7:00 pm – 저녁 일곱 시 [ jeo-nyeok-il-gop-si ]
  • 9:30 pm – 밤 아홉 시 삼십 분/ 밤 아홉 시 반 [ bam-a-hop-si-sam-sip-bun/bam-a-hop-si-ban ]
  • 11:00 pm – 밤 열한 시 [ bam-yeo-ran-si ]

For meals, when you use the word [ sik-sa ], use it with 해요 [ hae-yo ] and not 먹어요 [ meo-geo-yo ]. For example, 밥을 먹어요 [ ba-beul-meo-geo-yo ] – I eat rice. But for 식사 , you need to say 식사를 해요 [ sik-sa-reul-hae-yo ] – I take meal (don’t forget the Korean Object Marker – which is a particle used to identify the object of a verb in a sentence). See examples below.

  • Breakfast – 아침 (식사) [ a-chim (sik-sa) ]
  • Lunch – 점심 (식사) [ jeom-sim (sik-sa) ]
  • Dinner – 저녁 (식사) [ jeo-nyeok (sik-sa) ]

When referring to past or future. Use those words below.

  • Before – 전에 [ jeon-e ]
  • A little while ago – 아까 [ a-gga ] – spoken language
  • Now – 지금 [ ji-geum ]
  • A little while later – 이따가 [ i-dda-ga ] – within one day – spoken language
  • Later – 나중에 [ na-jung-e ]

The Korean Time Marker – 에 is used to indicate the time when something takes place and is attached to the unit of time. We have learn -에 in Learn Korean Language Lesson 20. Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with Korean Time! You may read the examples below before you make your own!

  • 아침 일곱 시에 일어나요. [ a-chim-il-gop-si-e-i-reo-na-yo ] – I wake up at 7:00 in the morning.
  • 일곱 시 십 분에 세수해요. [ il-gop-si-sip-bun-e-se-su-hae-yo ] – I wash my face at 7:10
  • 여덟 시에 밥을 먹어요. [ yeo-deol-si-e-ba-beul-meo-geo-yo ] – I eat my meals at 8:00.
  • 여덟 시 반에 학교에 가요. [ yeo-deol-si-ban-e-hak-gyo-e-ga-yo ] – I go to school at 8:30.
  • 다섯 시에 집에 와요. [ da-seot-si-e-ji-be-wa-yo ] – I come home at 5:00.
  • 열한 시에 자요. [ yeo-ran-si-e-ja-yo ] – I go to bed at 11:00.

Here are some expressions to use when asking or answering questions about time. Korean Question Word – What – 몇 is attached to the noun 시 to ask questions related to time. We will learn this in the next lesson. For the time being, just read the examples below and try to understand. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 30 – Korean Question Word – What.

  • 몇 시예요? [ myeot-si-ye-yo ] – What time is it?
  • 몇 시에 집에 가요? [ myeot-si-e-ji-be-ga-yo ] – What time do you go home?
  • 몇 시에 밥을 먹었어요? [ myeot-si-e-ba-beul-meo-geo-sseo-yo ] – What time did you eat (your meal)?

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