Learn Korean Language Lesson 26 – Korean Requests, Suggestions, or Commands
Continue from Lesson 25 – Korean Currency. Today we come to Lesson 26 – Korean Requests, Suggestions, or Commands – (으)세요. In this Learn Korean Language Lesson, we will learn Korean Requests, Suggestions, or Commands. Everyday, we make requests, suggestions, or commands, let’s learn how to make Korean requests, suggestions, or commands in a polite manner. Learning this Korean Requests, Suggestions, or Commands will make your future shopping experiences (perhaps in Korea) more enjoyable!
Korean Requests, Suggestions, or Commands
Do you remember that we have seen 주세요 [ ju-se-yo ] in Learn Korean Language Lesson 24 – Korean Counting Units? Adding 주세요 after the noun means requesting something for the speaker. Do you know that 주세요 is form by joining Korean Verb 주다 means to give, together with Korean sentence ending (으)세요 [ (eu)se-yo ]? When asking for something, use 주세요 after the Korean noun (the thing you’re asking for), it is just like English “Give me (noun) please”. Use the formula – “Noun + Native Korean number + Korean Counting Units + 주세요” when asking for a specific amount of some noun. See examples below.
- 영수증 주세요. [ yeong-su-jeung-ju-se-yo ] – Give me a receipt, please.
- 표 4(네)장 주세요. [ pyo-ne-jang-ju-se-yo ] – Give me four tickets, please.
- 커피 한 잔 주세요. [ keo-pi-han-jan-ju-se-yo ] – Give me one cup of coffee, please.
- 빵 두 개 주세요. [ bbang-du-gae-ju-se-yo ] – Give me two pieces of bread, please.
- 맥주 세 병 주세요. [ maek-ju-se-byeong-ju-se-yo ] – Give me three bottles of beer, please.
Use 좀 [ jom ] (which also means “please”) between the Korean noun and 주세요 to make the sentence sound softer and more polite. When asking something free, such as water in Korean restaurant, 좀 must be use. When asking for more, add 더 [ deo ] in front of 주세요.
- 물 좀 주세요. [ mul-jom-ju-se-yo ] – Give me some water, please.
- 물 좀 더 주세요. [ mul-jom-deo-ju-se-yo ] – Give me some more water, please.
- 김치 좀 주세요. [ kim-chi-jom-ju-se-yo ] – Give me some Kimchi, please.
- 김치 좀 더 주세요. [ kim-chi-jom-deo-ju-se-yo ] – Give me some more Kimchi, please.
As stated above, besides of 주세요, we can use Korean sentence ending (으)세요 to make polite requests, suggestions, or commands. 세요 is added to a verb stems ending with a vowel (no batchim) and 으세요 is used if the verb stem ends with a consonant (with batchim) – view Korean Syllable Final Consonants. “지 마세요” [ ji-ma-se-yo ] is use to form negative commands (we will learn this in the future). Now, see examples below:
세요 is added to a verb stems ending with a vowel (no batchim).
- 하다 – 하세요 [ ha-se-yo ] – do, please.
- 오다 – 오세요 [ o-se-yo ] – come, please.
- 사다 – 사세요 [ sa-se-yo ] – buy, please .
- 가다 – 가세요 [ ga-se-yo ] – go, please.
으세요 is used if the verb stem ends with a consonant (with batchim).
- 읽다 – 읽으세요 [ il-geu-se-yo ] – read, please.
- 입다 – 입으세요 [ i-beu-se-yo ] – wear, please.
- 듣다 – 들으세요 [ deu-reu-se-yo ] – listen, please.
- 만들다 – 만드세요 [ man-deu-se-yo ] – make, please.
Do you remember that in Korean Basic Conversation we have learned 안녕히 가세요 [ ann-yeong-hi-ka-se-yo ] – good bye (to person leaving)? Literally, 가세요 is “go, please”, so 안녕히 가세요 is say by the host who is bidding his/her guests good bye, the guest is leaving. Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with Korean Requests, Suggestions, or Commands – (으)세요, you may read the examples below before you make your own! Don’t forget to memorize the Korean Verbs and Korean Adjectives, with Korean Sentence Ending Form. View Korean Language Reading Practice 14 – How much is this Bag? Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 27 – Korean Present Tense.
- 집에 오세요. [ ji-be-o-se-yo ] – Come home, please.
- 책을 읽으세요. [ chae-geul-il-geu-se-yo ] – Read a book, please.
- 볼펜을 사세요. [ bol-pen-eul-sa-se-yo ] – Buy (me) a ballpoint pen, please.
- 셔츠를 입으세요. [ syeo-cheu-reul-i-beu-se-yo ] – Put on (your) shirt, please.