Learn Korean Language Lesson 23 – Korean Conjunction – And
Continue from Lesson 22 – Korean Negation – Not/Don’t. Today we come to Learn Korean Lesson 23 – Korean Conjunction – And. In this Learn Korean Language Lesson, we will learn Korean Conjunction – And – 하고 [ ha-go ]. 하고 (and) is use to connect two nouns, use it like English conjunction “and” when joining two Korean nouns (view Korean Vocabulary – Things). We have seen this Korean conjunction – 하고 in Learn Korean Language Lesson 19 – Korean Position Words.
Korean Conjunction – And
Do you remember that for Korean position word – 사이 (between), 저 with 하고 will be use rather than 제. Koreans use 제 with most position words, but 저 and 하고 with 사이. Korean Conjunction – 하고 means “and”. It is very important for you to know that this Korean conjunction is used only with nouns. To connect two nouns, use 하고 between the two Korean nouns as you would use English conjunction – and. See examples below.
- 비빔밥하고 김치. [ bi-bim-bap-ha-go-kim-chi ] – Bibimbap and Kimchi.
- 샌드위치하고 커피. [ saen-deu-wi-chi-ha-go-keo-pi ] – Sandwich and coffee.
- 사과하고 빵을 먹어요. [ sa-gwa-ha-go-bbang-eul-meo-geo-yo ] – I eat an apple and bread.
In English, we use “and” to connect words, phrases, or clauses that have the same grammatical function in a construction, “and” used to connect grammatically coordinate words, phrases, or clauses; along or together with; as well as; in addition to; besides; also; moreover. But in Korean, rather than using 하고, we used the only 고 when connecting two sentences.
고 is a coordinating conjunction that can be used to connect two simple chronological sentences on an equal basis. See example below.
- 한국어를 공부하고 친구를 만나요. [ han-gu-geo-reul-gong-bu-ha-go-chin-gu-reul-man-na-yo ] – I study Korean and meet my friend.
Don’t get confuse with the example above. 공부하고 is form from Korean Verbs – 공부하다, 공부하다 plus 고 become 공부하고. Beside this, 고 can be used to join together related characteristics of a noun. See example below.
- 김치가 싸고 맛있어요. [ kim-chi-ga-ssa-go-ma-si-sseo-yo ] – Kimchi is inexpensive and delicious.
It can also be used to enumerate events and conditions of similar characteristics. See example below.
- 헨리는 텔레비전을 보고 저는 책을 읽어요. [ hen-ri-neun-tel-re-bi-jeon-eul-bo-go-jeo-neun-chae-geul-il-geo-yo ] – Henry watches television, and I read a book.
Last but not least, Korean Conjunction – 하고 can be used like English “with”, when doing something with somebody, use 하고 after the person. You may use 누구하고 when asking the question “with whom?”. See examples below.
- 누구하고 식사해요? [ nu-gu-ha-go-sik-sa-hae-yo ] – Who are you eating with?
- 친구하고 같이 식사해요. [ chin-gu-ha-go-ga-chi-sik-sa-hae-yo ] – I’m eating together with my friend.
- 저는 혼자 식사해요. [ jeo-neun-hon-ja-sik-sa-hae-yo ] – I’m eating by myself.
In the examples above, 같이 [ ga-chi ] (view Korean pronunciation) means together, 혼자 [ hon-ja ] means alone. Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with Korean Conjunction – 하고 (and) and what you have learned from the previous Learn Korean Lessons such as Korean Days of The Week, Korean Position Words.. etc, etc and don’t forget to memorize the Korean Verbs and Korean Adjectives, with Korean Sentence Ending Form. Please go to Korean Language Reading Practice 10 – Today is Saturday and Korean Language Reading Practice 11 – What do you do on weekends? to learn new Korean vocabulary and Korean expression. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 24 – Korean Counting Units.