Continue from Learn Korean Language Lesson 21 – Korean Days of The Week. Today we come to Learn Korean Lesson 22 – Korean Negation. In this Learn Korean Language Lesson, we will learn Korean Negation – 안 [ an ]. Negate Korean Action Verbs (view Korean Verbs) and Korean Descriptive Verbs (view Korean Adjectives) by placing 안 in front of the Korean verbs. Use Korean Negation – 안 like English word – not or don’t. Korean Negation – 안 is used in front of a Korean verb or a Korean adjective to express negation.
안 refers to one’s unwillingness. However, you must take note of 하다 action verbs. See examples below. Examples for Korean action verbs (but not 하다 action verbs) and Korean descriptive verbs.
- 안 가요. [ an-ga-yo ] – I don’t go.
- 안 마셔요. [ an-ma-syeo-yo ] – I don’t drink.
- 안 먹어요. [ an-meo-geo-yo ] – I don’t eat.
- 안 자요. [ an-ja-yo ] – I don’t sleep.
- 안 사요. [ an-sa-yo ] – I don’t buy.
- 안 예뻐요. [ an-ye-bbeo-yo ] – It is not pretty.
- 안 길어요. [ an-gi-reo-yo ] – It is not long.
- 안 커요. [ an-keo-yo ] – It is not big.
- 안 넓어요. [ an-neol-beo-yo ] – It is not broad.
- 안 비싸요. [ an-bi-ssa-yo ] – It is not expensive.
- 안 추워요. [ an-chu-wo-yo ] – I’m not cold.
- 안 졸려요. [ an-jol-ryeo-yo ] – I’m not sleepy.
- 안 기뻐요. [ an-gi-bbeo-yo ] – I’m not happy.
However, in compound Korean verbs (하다 action verbs), 안 has to be inserted directly between the noun and the verb. For example the compound verb 공부하다 (action verb) – to study, which consist of 공부 (study, noun) and 하다 (to do, verb). So it is wrong if you put 안 infront of 공부하다, you should put in between, 공부 안 해요 will be the correct one. The same rule apply to other compound verbs such as 일하다, 운동하다, 사랑하다. In short, for 하다 action verbs, 안 goes between the noun and 해요.
- 일 안 해요. [ il-an-hae-yo ] – I don’t work.
- 공부 안 해요. [ gong-bu-an-hae-yo ] – I don’t study.
- 운동 안 해요. [ un-dong-an-hae-yo ] – I don’t exercise.
- 사랑 안 해요. [ sa-rang-an-hae-yo ] – I don’t love.
- 노래 안 해요. [ no-rae-an-hae-yo ] – I don’t sing.
But there is an exception for this rule. For Korean 하다 action verb 좋아하다 – to like. 안 is place in front of 좋아해요 rather than in between. So it is wrong if you put 안 between 좋아해요, you should put in front of it, 안 좋아해요 – I don’t like, will be the correct one. However, for all Korean descriptive verbs, 안 is place in front of the Korean descriptive verbs. See examples below.
- 안 피곤해요. [ an-pi-gon-hae-yo ] – I’m not tired.
- 안 건강해요. [ an-geon-gang-hae-yo ] – I’m not healthy.
- 안 중요해요. [ an-jung-yo-hae-yo ] – It is not important.
- 안 이상해요. [ an-i-sang-hae-yo ] – It is not strange.
- 안 복잡해요. [ an-bok-jap-hae-yo ] – It is not jammed.
Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with Korean Negation – 안 and what you have learned from the previous Learn Korean Lessons such as Korean Place Marker or Korean Days of The Week. You can use Korean Negation – 안 to answer question too. See examples below.
- 저는 커피를 안 마셔요. [ jeo-neun-ko-pi-reul-an-ma-syeo-yo ] – I don’t drink coffee.
- 오늘 학교에 안 가요. [ o-neul-hak-gyo-e-an-ga-yo ] – I don’t go to school today.
- 주말에 운동해요? [ ju-ma-re-un-dong-hae-yo ] – Do you exercise on weekends?
- 운동 안 해요. [ un-dong-an-hae-yo ] – No, I don’t (exercise)