Learn Korean Language Lesson 20 – Korean Time Marker
Continue from Lesson 19 – Korean Position Words. Today we come to Learn Korean Lesson 20 – Korean Time Marker – 에 [ e ]. In this Learn Korean Language Lesson, we will learn Korean Time Marker. You may wonder why it is the same as Korean Place Marker. In Korean, 에 has two functions, it can be use as Korean Place Marker or Korean Time Marker, but how and what’s the different between both of them? Next lesson, you will learn Korean Days of The Week, so it is very important for you to know Time Marker.
Korean Time Marker
As mentioned earlier, places are marked by the Korean Place Marker, we use Korean Place Marker – 에 after the place name. When used with Korean Verbs – 가다/오다 or Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Location or Existence – 있다/없다, the 에 can denote destination, refer Learn Korean Language Lesson 15 and Learn Korean Language Lesson 16. In Korean, times are also marked by the Korean Time Marker – 에, Korean Place Marker – 에 can also be attached to a noun to indicate time. Place the Korean time marker after the time such as 토요일에, 주말에, 오전에, 오후에 etc, etc. See examples below.
- 언제 한국어 수업이 있어요? [ eon-je-han-gu-geo-su-eo-bi-i-sseo-yo ] – When do you have Korean class?
- 토요일에 있어요. [ to-yo-il-e-i-sseo-yo ] – I have class on Saturday.
- 무슨 요일에 티파니 씨를 만나요? [ mu-seun-yo-il-e-ti-pa-ni-ssi-reul-man-na-yo ] – Which day do you meet Tiffany?
- 금요일에 만나요. [ geum-yo-il-e-man-na-yo ] – I meet her on Friday.
Use Korean Time Marker – 에 only once in a sentence. Place it after the smallest interval of time. However, Korean Place Marker and Korean Time Marker may appears together in one sentence.
- 다음 달 18일(십팔일) 저녁에 시간 있어요? [ da-eum-dal-sip-pal-il-jeo-nyeok-e-si-gan-i-sseo-yo ] – Do you have time in the evening on 18th of next month?
- 무슨 요일에 학교에 가요? [ mu-seun-yo-il-e-hak-gyo-e-ga-yo ] – Which days do you go to school?
- 월요일에 학교에 가요. [ wo-ryeo-il-e-hak-gyo-e-ga-yo ] – I go to school on Monday.
- 저녁 8시에 (여덟시에) 집에 가요. [ jeo-nyeok-yeo-deol-si-e-ji-be-ga-yo ] – I go home at 8 in the evening.
There are many new Korean words in the examples above, we will learn them in the future, for the time being, just remember that places and time are marked by Korean Place Marker and Korean Time Marker – 에. Both of them can be summarize to English words as below.
- 에 – to (Korean Place Marker)
- 에 – at, in, on (Korean Place Marker)
- 에 – at, in ,on (Korean Time Marker)
However, Korean Time Marker – 에 is not used after 어제 [ eo-je] – yesterday, 오늘 [ o-neul ] – today, 내일 [ nae-il ] – tomorrow, 지금 [ ji-geum ] – now. Now, you may continue to the next lesson Learn Korean Language Lesson 21 – Korean Days of The Week.