Continue from Lesson 18 – Korean Adverbs of Place – Here/There. Today we come to Learn Korean Lesson 19 – Korean Position Words. In this Learn Korean Language Lesson, we will learn Korean Position Words in order to ask or answer questions about the location of something. By the end of the lesson you will be able to ask for things you are looking for as well as help others find what they are looking for. Korean Place Marker is used with the Korean Position Words to indicate where an object or a person is located.
Korean Position Words
Korean Position Words – – 위 [ wi ] – on/above, 아래 [ a-rae ] – under, 앞 [ ap ] – in front of, 뒤 [ dwi ] – behind, 옆 [ yeop ] – beside/next to, 안 [ an ] – inside, 밖 [ bak ] – outside, 사이 [ sa-i ] – between, followed by Korean place marker – 에 is used to indicate where an object or a person is located, the object or person is place before the Korean position words. Use them like English position words – on/above, under, in front of, behind, beside/next to, inside, outside, between. See examples below.
- 의자 위에 [ ui-ja-wi-e ] – on the chair
- 의자 아래에 [ ui-ja-a-rae-e ] – under the chair
- 책상 앞에 [ chaek-sang-ap-e ] – in front of the desk
- 책상 뒤에 [ chaek-sang-dwi-e ] – behind the desk
- 컴퓨터 옆에 [ keom-pyu-teo-yeop-e ] – next to the computer
- 냉장고 안에 [ naeng-jang-go-an-e ] – inside the refrigerator
- 냉장고 밖에 [ naeng-jang-go-ba-gge ] – outside the refrigerator
- 사과하고 시계 사이에 [ sa-gwa-ha-go-si-kye-sa-i-e ] – between the watch and the apple
Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Location or Existence – 있다/없다 is use together with Korean position words to expresses location or existence. With Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings, 있다/없다 will become 있어요/없어요 which are casual but polite sentence endings commonly used in everyday life. Use 있어요 when something exist, 없어요 when something does not. Usually, the pattern for using Korean position words to expresses location or existence is “-이/가 (Korean Subject Marker) + Nouns + Korean position words-에 (Korean Place Marker) + 있다/없다 (Korean Verbs)”. See examples below.
- 책이 책상 위에 있어요. [ chae-gi-chaek-sang-wi-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The book is on the desk.
- 사과가 의자 아래에 있어요. [ sa-gwa-ga-ui-ja-a-rae-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The apple is under the chair.
- 가게가 집 앞에 있어요. [ ga-ge-ga-jip-ap-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The store is in front of the house.
- 식당이 도서관 뒤에 있어요. [ sik-dang-i-do-seo-gwan-dwi-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The restaurant is behind the library.
- 컴퓨터가 텔레비전 옆에 있어요. [ keom-pyu-teo-ga-tel-re-bi-jeon-yeop-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The computer is next to the television set.
- 우산이 가방 안에 있어요. [ u-san-i-ga-bang-an-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The umbrella is in the bag.
But with the Korean position word – 사이 (between), 저 with 하고 (Korean Conjunction – And) will be use rather than 제. Koreans use 제 with most position words, but 저 and 하고 with 사이. See examples below.
- 의자가 제 앞에 있어요. [ ui-ja-ga-je-ap-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The chair is in front of me.
- 의자가 저하고 책상 사이에 있어요 [ ui-ja-ga-jeo-ha-go-chaek-sang-sa-i-e-i-sseo-yo ] – The chair is between me and the desk.
Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with Korean Position Words. Please remember that 있어요/없어요 always come at the end. Please go to Korean Language Reading Practice 8 – I live in a dormitory and Korean Language Reading Practice 9 – There is no bed in my room to learn new Korean vocabulary and Korean expression. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 20 – Korean Time Marker.