Learn Korean Language Lesson 16 – Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Location or Existence
Continue from Learn Korean Language Lesson 15 – Korean Place Marker, today we come to Learn Korean Lesson 16 – Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Location or Existence – 있다/없다 [ it-da/eob-da ]. Do you remember Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Identification? The rules are the same. 있다/없다 always goes to the end. With Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings, 있다/없다 will become 있어요/없어요 which are casual but polite sentence endings commonly used in everyday life.
Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Location or Existence
The Korean verb 있다 expresses location or existence. The opposite of 있다 is the Korean verb 없다. Change both of them to Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings. Use 있어요 [ i-sseo-yo ] when something exist, 없어요 [ eob-seo-yo ] when something does not. Use them like English “There is(are) or There is(are) not”. Place the Korean Subject Marker – 이/가 after the noun which exist (or not) and then 있어요/없어요.
- 침대가 있어요. [ chim-dae-ga-i-sseo-yo ] – There is a bed.
- 책상이 있어요. [ chaek-sang-i-i-sseo-yo ] – There is a desk.
- 옷장이 없어요. [ ot-jang-i-eob-sseo-yo ] – There is no closet.
- 의자가 없어요. [ ui-ja-ga-eob-seo-yo ] – There is no chair.
- 컴퓨터가 없어요. [ keom-pyu-teo-ga-eob-seo-yo ] – There is no computer.
Korean place marker -에 which we learned in Learn Korean Language Lesson 15 can be use with 있다/없다. Putting the Korean place marker -에 after a noun indicates a special location (Korean Vocabulary – Places). This locative particle -에 is used with -이/가 있다/없다 (as above) to show where someone or something is located. Usually, the pattern for using -에 with -이/가 있다/없다 will be “-이/가 (Korean Subject Marker) -에 (Korean Place Marker) 있다/없다 (Korean Verbs)”.
- 가방이 교실에 있어요. [ ga-bang-i-gyo-si-re-i-sseo-yo ] – There is a bag in the classroom.
- 컴퓨터가 집에 있어요. [ keom-pyu-teo-ga-ji-be-i-sseo-yo ] – There is a computer in the house.
- 예성이 공항에 있어요. [ ye-seong-i-gong-hang-e-i-sseo-yo ] – Yesung is at airport.
- 한경이 공원에 없어요. [ han-kyeong-i-gong-won-e-eob-seo-yo ] – Hankyung is not at the park.
- 려욱 씨가 집에 없어요. [ ryeo-wuk-ssi-ga-ji-be-eob-seo-yo ] – Ryeowook is not at home.
However, it doesn’t matter whether the object is specified before the location, or vice versa. Means that changing the word order does not necessarily change the meaning. But 있어요/없어요 must always come at the end.
- 교실에 가방이 있어요. [ gyo-si-re-ga-bang-i-i-sseo-yo ] – The bag is in the classroom.
- 집에 컴퓨터가 있어요. [ ji-be-keom-pyu-teo-ga-i-sseo-yo ] – There is a computer in the house.
- 공항에 예성이 있어요. [ gong-hang-e-ye-seong-i-i-sseo-yo ] – Yesung is at airport.
- 공원에 한경이 없어요. [ gong-won-e-han-kyeong-i-eob-seo-yo ] – Hankyung is not at the park.
- 집에 려욱 씨가 없어요. [ ji-be-ryeo-wuk-ssi-ga-eob-seo-yo ] – Ryeowook is not at home.
Last but not least, 있어요/없어요 can also be used like English “have/don’t have”. 있어요/없어요 also means have/don’t have which indicate what someone possesses. See examples below.
- 신디가 집이 있어요. [ sin-di-ga-ji-bi-i-sseo-yo ] – Cindy has a house.
- 신디가 자동차가 없어요. [ sin-di-ga-ja-dong-cha-ga-eob-seo-yo ] – Cindy doesn’t have a car.
House and car are objects in English, but in Korean when you use the verb 있어요/없어요, these possessive objects always take the marker 이/가. Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with what you have learnt to express location or existence. Please remember that 있어요/없어요 always come at the end. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 17 – Korean Question Word – Where.