Learn Korean Language Lesson 15 – Korean Place Marker
Continue from Lesson 14 – Korean Object Marker, today we come to Learn Korean Language Lesson 15 – Korean Place Marker – 에 [ e ] and 에서 [ e-seo ]. Both of them are particles that indicates location. So, what is the difference between them? Korean place marker 에 is place after a noun indicates a special location. Korean place marker 에서 is place after a noun indicates a special location to designate where some action takes place. Use Korean place marker 에 after the place name with the Korean Verbs.
Korean Place Marker
Use Korean place marker 에 after the place name with the verbs 가다/오다. 가다 is used when one is going away from the place where the conversation is taking place. Use it like English word – Go. 오다 is used when one is coming toward the place where the conversation is taking place. Use it like English word – Come. When we added the particle 에 with 가다/오다 is attached to the name of a place to designate it as the destination. See examples below.
- 저는 집에 가요. [ jo-neun-jib-e-ga-yo ] – I am going home.
- 저는 학교에 가요. [ jo-neun-hak-gyo-e-ga-yo ] – I am going to school.
- 저는 은행에 가요. [ jo-neun-eun-haeng-e-ga-yo ] – I am going to bank.
- 저는 커피숍에 가요. [ jo-neun-keo-pi-syop-e-ga-yo ] – I am going to coffee shop.
- 저는 대사관에 가요. [ jo-neun-dae-sa-gwan-e-ga-yo ] – I am going to embassy.
On the other hand, 에서 is a particle that indicates where the action conveyed by the verb phrase takes place. This Korean place marker is used with action verbs, with the exception of 있어요/없어요 and 가요/와요, which take the Korean place marker 에.
- 도서관에서 책을 읽어요. [ do-seo-gwan-e-seo-chae-geul-il-geo-yo ] – I read a book in the library.
- 식당에서 밥을 먹어요. [ sik-dang-e-seo-ba-beul-meo-geo-yo ] – I eat (my meals) at the cafeteria.
- 은행에서 일해요. [ eun-haeng-e-seo-il-hae-yo ] – I work at a bank.
- 학교에서 공부해요. [ hak-gyo-e-seo-gong-bu-hae-yo ] – I study at school.
- 노래방에서 노래해요. [ no-rae-bang-e-seo-no-rae-hae-yo ] – I sing at singing room. (view Korean Bang)
Do you remember that sentence structure of Korean order of questions and its answer are the same in Comparison of Korean and English? The only difference between questions and answer is questions are always end with a rising tone and declarative sentences end with a slightly falling tone. Hence, when using 에 with 가요/와요, just raising intonation at the end without any change in word order makes the sentence into a question. When asking a question, use the 어디 (Korean Question Word – Where). Use it like English question word – Where. 어디에서 with action verbs and 어디에 with 있어요/없어요 and 가요/와요.
- 어디에 가요? [ eo-di-e-ga-yo ] – Where are you going?
- 내일 학교에 와요? [ nae-il-hak-gyo-e-wa-yo ] – Are you coming to school tomorrow?
- 어디에서 책을 읽어요? [ eo-di-e-seo-chae-geul-il-geo-yo ] – Where do you read the book?
- 어디에서 밥을 먹어요? [ eo-di-e-seo-ba-beul-meo-geo-yo ] – Where do you eat (your meals)?
- 어디에서 친구를 만나요? [ eo-di-e-seo-chin-gu-reul-man-na-yo ] – Where do you meet your friends?
Remember that Korean place marker 에서 is used with action verbs, with the exception of 있어요/없어요 and 가요/와요, which take the Korean place marker 에. Now, you can try to make your own Korean sentences with Korean Vocabulary – Places and Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 16 – Korean Sentence Endings Expressing Location or Existence.