Learn Korean Language Lesson 13 – Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings
Continue from Learn Korean Language Lesson 12 – Korean Linking Verb. Today, we will Learn Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings form. We knew that there are two ways when you start a conversation in Learn Korean Language Lesson 2 – Korean Basic Conversation, whether formally or informally and the difference between both of them is the Sentence Ending Form, the only difficulty in learning Korean is the question about when to use formal language? Let’s learn it in more details.
Korean Informal Polite Sentence Endings
We have seen the Korean Sentence Ending Form and understand the differences between Korean Sentence Ending Formal Polite Form and Informal Polite Form in Learn Korean Language Lesson 3 – Korean Sentence Ending Form. -아요/어요 [ a-yo/eo-yo ] are casual but polite sentence endings which are commonly used in everyday life such as shopping, buying tickets, and asking directions etc, etc. It is use to form all present tense verbs (verbs in the present tense). When a verb stem ends with the vowel ㅏ or ㅗ, -아요 is added. See examples below.
- 가다 [ ga-da ] + -아요 = 가요 [ ga-yo ] – to go
- 사다 [ sa-da ] + -아요 = 사요 [ sa-yo ] – to buy
- 자다 [ ja-da ] + -아요 = 자요 [ ja-yo ] – to sleep
- 오다 [ o -da ] + -아요 = 와요 [ wa-yo ] – to come
- 보다 [ bo-da ] + -아요 = 봐요 [ bwa-yo ] – to see
- 살다 [ sal-da ] + -아요 = 살아요[ sa-ra-yo ] – to live
- 만나다 [ man-na-da ] + -아요 = 만나요 [ man-na-yo ] – to meet
When a verb stem ends with a vowel other than ㅏ or ㅗ, -어요 is added. But verb stems ending with a vowel ㅣ, ㅣ + -어요 results in -여요. For example, 마시다 becomes 마셔요 and 가르치다 becomes 가르쳐요.
- 주다 [ ju-da ] + -어요 = 줘요 [ jwo-yo ] – to give
- 먹다 [ meok-da ] + -어요 = 먹어요 [ meo-geo-yo ] – to eat
- 읽다 [ il-da ] + -어요 = 읽어요 [ il-geo-yo ] – to read
- 배우다 [ bae-u-da ] + -어요 = 배워요 [ bae-wo-yo ] – to learn
- 마시다 [ ma-si-da ] + -어요 = 마셔요 [ ma-syeo-yo ] – to drink
- 가르치다 [ ga-reu-chi-da ] + -어요 = 가르쳐요 [ ga-reu-chyeo-yo ] – to teach
When a verb stem ends with -하다 [ ha-da ] becomes -해요 [ hae-yo ]. -하다 is verbs “‘to do”. Many nouns can be made into present tense by adding the verb -해요. See examples below.
- 일하다 [ il-ha-da ] + -해요 = 일해요 [ il-hae-yo ] – to work
- 공부하다 [ gong-bu-ha-da ] + -해요 = 공부해요 [ gong-bu-hae-yo ] – to study
- 운동하다 [ un-dong-ha-da ] + -해요 = 운동해요 [ un-dong-hae-yo ] – to exercise
- 전화하다 [ jeon-hwa-ha-da ] + -해요 = 전화해요 [ jeon-hwa-hae-yo ] – to make a phone call
- 요리하다 [ yo-ri-ha-da ] + -해요 = 요리해요 [ yo-ri-hae-yo ] – to cook
- 운전하다 [ un-jeon-ha-da ] + -해요 = 운전해요 [ un-jeon-hae-yo ] – to drive
- 수영하다 [ su-yeong-ha-da ] + -해요 = 수영해요 [ su-yeong-hae-yo ] – to swim
Raising your intonation makes the Korean sentence into a question like we have learned in Comparison of Korean and English. View Korean verbs list. Continue to Learn Korean Language Lesson 14 – Korean Object Marker.