We have seen Korean vowels and Korean consonants in Learn Korean Lesson 1 – Consonants and Vowels. Korean vowels can be pronounced by itself or in combination with a consonant, but Korean vowels cannot stand alone as a syllable. Let’s Learn 10 Korean basic vowels today. In this Learn Korean – Korean vowels lesson, we will learn how to pronounce and the sequence in writing Korean alphabets.
Korean Monophthong Pronunciation 단모음 발음 [ dan-mo-eum-ba-reum ]
|ㅏ [ a ] – as in pasta||아가씨 [ a-ga-ssi ] – Ms||가방 [ ga-bang ] – a bag||사진 [ sa-jin ] – photograph|
|ㅑ [ ya ] – as in yard||야구 [ ya-gu ] – baseball||야 [ ya ] – hey|
|ㅓ [ eo ] – as in august||머리 [ meo-ri ] – head||어 [ eo ] – yes||거실 [ geo-sil ] – living room|
|ㅕ [ yeo ] – as in yearn||여자 [ yeo-ja ] – female||마녀 [ ma-nyeo ] – witch||겨드랑이 [ gyeo-deu-rang-i ] – armpit|
|ㅗ [ o ] – as in orange||모자 [ mo-ja ] – hat||코 [ ko ] – nose||고드름 [ go-deu-reum ] – icicle|
|ㅛ [ yo ] – as in yolk||요리사 [ yo-ri-sa ] – chef||교실 [ kyo-sil ] – classroom||표면 [ pyo-myeon ] – surface|
|ㅜ [ u ] – as in coo||후추 [ hu-chu ] – black pepper||주방 [ ju-bang ] – kitchen||우주 [ u-ju ] – the universe|
|ㅠ [ yu ] – as in you||유창하다 [ yu-chang-ha-da ] – to be fluent||규칙 [ kyu-chik ] – rule||휴일 [ hyu-il ] – holiday|
|ㅡ [ eu ]||크리스마스 [ keu-ri-seu-ma-seu ] – Christmas||으깨다 [ eu-ggae-da ] – to mash||그네 [ geu-ne ] – swing|
|ㅣ [ i ] – as in teeth||이쑤시개 [ i-ssu-si-gae ] – toothpick||이빨 [ i-bbal ] – teeth||기침 [ gi-chim ] – cough|
Continue to Korean Combined Vowels.