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Korean numbers

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Today we will learn some Korean numbers in order to continue our Learn Korean lessons. Korean numbers are different from Chinese numbers as well as English numbers one, two, three etc, etc.. In Korea, Korean numbers system have two sets of numbers, namely, the Pure Korean numbers (original Korean numbers) and Sino-Korean numbers (Chinese derived numbers) which are a bit more complicated. See graph below:

Korean numbers

No.

Chinese-

Original

N 명사

No.

Chinese-

Original

N 명사

derived

Korean

derived

Korean

0

/

/

/

100

1

하나

101

백일

백하나

백한

2

102

백이

백둘

백두

3

110

백십

백열

백열

4

120

백이십

백스물

백스무

5

다섯

다섯

200

이백

이백

이백

6

여섯

여섯

300

삼백

삼백

삼백

7

일곱

일곱

1,000

8

여덟

여덟

2,000

이천

이천

이천

9

아홉

아홉

5,000

오천

오천

오천

10

10,000

11

십일

열하나

열한

15,000

만오천

만오천

만오천

12

십이

열둘

열두

20,000

이만

이만

이만

13

십삼

열셋

열세

100,000

십만

십만

십만

14

십사

열넷

열네

500,000

오십만

오십만

오십만

15

십오

열다섯

열다섯

1,000,000

백만

백만

백만

20

이십

스물

스무

5,000,000

오백만

오백만

오백만

21

이십일

스물하나

스물한

10,000,000

천만

천만

천만

22

이십이

스물둘

스물두

50,000,000

오천만

오천만

오천만

30

삼십

서른

서른

100,000,000

일억

40

사십

마흔

마흔

500,000,000

오천억

오천억

오천억

50

오십

60

육십

예순

예순

70

칠십

일흔

일흔

80

팔십

여든

여든

90

구십

아흔

아흔

There are two types of Korean numbers, the original Pure Korean and Sino-Korean numbers. Sino Korean number is use for reading number, such as 1, 2, 3 which you can “see” on your books, notes etc, etc. However, Korean people use Pure Korean numbers for counting, such as counting how many apples, how many cups of coffee etc, etc.

There are few exception which Korean original numbers will be used, such as when refer to time, date etc, etc. Don’t worry, we will cover them one by one in the Learn Korean lessons subsequently.

Sino-Korean numbers

It was derived from Chinese numbers 一,二,三… and the pronunciation is much more similar with Chinese, if you knows Chinese. As what i have mention above, it is use when reading, because it is much more easy to pronounce as compare to Korean original numbers. For Korean won (money), if you wonder whether to use Chinese derived numbers or Korean original numbers, the answer is Chinese derived numbers, the reason behind this was, we read the number state on the notes, see the Korean note below.

Korean won

Did you see the 10000 and 만원? so, when reading numbers, remember to use Chinese derived numbers. From the graph above you may be confuse cause the Chinese derived numbers and the Korean original numbers are the same, ok, let’s see another example below

Korean won

Did you see the 500 or 오백원? It uses the Chinese derived numbers not the Korean original numbers of “다섯백”, it kinda weird.

Pure Korean numbers

Pure Korean numbers/Korean original numbers are use for counting, like an apple is “사과  하나”, however, there is a rule that you must follow, when using the Korean original numbers with a noun, the first four numbers will be change, one is 하나 will change to 한 and the other three batchim will throw away and become only 두, 세, 네. See the N (명사 ) column above. There are only two things to remember, Korean original numbers is for counting and Chinese derived numbers is for reading. The exception situation will be subsequently cover in the Learn Korean lesson, for more about Korean, please go to Korean.

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