Korean Consonants 3 – Korean Syllable Final Consonants
Remember that in Korean Consonants, we have Korean Consonants 1, Tensed Consonants and Syllable Final Consonants. We have already finish our Korean Consonant 1 and tensed consonants – Korean Consonant 2. Today in Korean Consonants 3, we will learn the Consonants 3 Syllable Final Consonants ( Batchim 받침 ).
Syllable in Korean Hangeul consist of a consonant and a vowel, batchim is the consonant which added below a normal syllable as above which in red. There are a total of 27 batchims in Korean Hangeul system, 16 single batchims ( as above ) and 11 double batchims (ㄳ,ㄺ ). However, there are only a few Korean words with double batchim. We will only learn the 16 single batchims which are also the consonants we have learn previously. Batchims are very important in Korean Language, without knowing that, you can’t even form a sentence, so you must make sure that you understand this lesson well.
As a Batchim, each consonant is pronounced in one of 7 different ways ( ㄱ,ㄴ,ㄹ,ㅁ,ㅇ,ㅂ,ㄷ ). For example in syllables 박, 밬, 밖 which have ㄱ, ㅋ, ㄲ as their batchims are pronounced ㄱ, So all three syllables can be pronounced 박. However, that the pronunciation of some consonants does not change when they are used as batchims. Also, ㅇ, which is silent in the initial position in a syllable, is pronounced as ng when it occurs as a Batchim.
|ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ||
|ㄷ ㅅ ㅈ ㅊ ㅌ ㅎ ㅆ||
From the table above, for the consonants in column Batchim when it become a Batchim which below a normal syllable, it will only be pronounce in the sound stated in the sound value column. There are few examples below, please make sure you listen to it carefully. Click the player below to play the sound.
- For Batchims ㄱ ㅋ ㄲ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “k” sound – 각, 갘, 갂 [ gak ]
- For Batchim ㄴ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “n” sound – 간 [ kan ]
- For Batchims ㄷ ㅅ ㅈ ㅊ ㅌ ㅎ ㅆ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “t” sound – 갇, 갓, 갖, 갗, 같, 갛, 갔 [ kat ]
- For Batchim ㄹ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “r” sound – 갈 [ kar ]
- For batchim ㅁ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “m” sound – 감 [ kam ]
- For batchim ㅂ ㅍ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “b” sound – 갑, 갚 [ kab ]
- For batchim ㅇ, when it comes to batchim, it will be pronounce as the “ng” sound – 강 [ kang ]
The batchims ㄷ ㅅ ㅈ ㅊ ㅌ ㅎ ㅆ may be difficult to memories, so for my opinion, you just need to memories the other six batchims, when you see a words with batchims but not the six you memories, then it will be the “t” sound batchim. Listen to the pronunciation by clicking the player at the end.
Congratulations! You have now learned all the Korean consonants and Korean vowels of Korean Hangeul. However, pronunciation of consonants can vary depending on their position in the syllable and there are various of Korean pronunciation rules too. Next in Learn Korean Lesson 2 – Korean Basic Conversation, you will be able to speak Korean, and form Korean sentences. We will learn how to speak and write in Korean sentences. We will learn more as we proceed. View Korean Pronunciation Practice.