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Korean Consonants 2 – Korean Tensed Consonants

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Remember that in Korean Consonants, we have Consonant 1 2 and 3? We have already finish our Korean Consonants 1. Now we will start our Consonant 2 ㄲ ㅋ ㄸ ㅌ ㅃ ㅍ ㅆ ㅉ ㅊ – The Korean Tensed Consonants. Like other Korean Consonants, these must also be joined together with vowel to form a syllable as follow.

Korean Consonants

Korean Tensed Consonants

Korean Tensed Consonants

Do you realise that some of them are just doubled from Consonant 1? They are the Korean “Tensed Consonants”. However, this does not mean that the pronunciation and the meaning are the same. For the others, they are the aspirated consonants. The table below helps you to understand and differentiate them!

Normal

Tensed

Aspirated

  • Normal consonant – which we learned in Korean Consonants 1, we will just pronounce as what we have learned previously. For the
  • Tensed consonants – you may need to pronounce it without release of air but with tightness in the throat.
  • Aspirated consonants – you may need to pronounce it with an extra-heavy eplosive puff of air through the mouth.

Korean Consonants Pronunciation 자음 발음 [ ja-eum-ba-reum ]

ㄲ [ gg ] – as in sky 참깨 [ cham-ggae ] – sesame 깨우치다 [ ggae-u-chi-da ] – to make realize 까치 [ gga-chi ] – magpie
ㄸ [ dd ] – as in stop 따라가다 [ dda-ra-ga-da ] – to follow 뜨겁다 [ddeu-geop-da ] – to be hot 또 [ ddo ] – and, also, again
ㅃ [ bb ] – as in speak, petite 삐다 [ bbi-da ] – to sprain 뼈 [ bbyeo ] – bones 기쁘다 [ gi-bbeu-da ] – be happy
ㅆ [ ss ] – as in sign, sour 싸우다 [ ssa-u-da ] – to fight 쓰레받기 [ sseu-re-bat-gi ] – dustpan 싸구려 [ ssa-gu-ryeo ] – cheat stuff
ㅉ  [ jj ] – as in pretzel 찌다 [ jji-da ]- to steam 살찌다 [ sal-jji-da ] – be fat 쪼개다 [ jjo-gae-da ] – to split; to divide
ㅊ [ ch ] – as in chapter, chess 채소 [ chae-so ] – vegetable 초라한 [ cho-ra-han ] – shabby 자동차 [ ja-dong-cha ] – car
ㅋ [ k ] – as in kiss, keyword 코미디 [ ko-mi-di ] – comedy 카메라 [ ka-me-ra ] – camera 카약 [ ka-yak ] – kayak
ㅌ [ t ] – as in tall, test 태도 [ tae-do ] – attitude 외투 [ oe-tu ] – overcoat 타워 [ ta-wo ] – tower
ㅍ [ p ] – as in park, pizza 파 [ pa ] – green onion 포도 [ po-do ] – grape 프랑스 [ peu-rang-seu ] – France

Continue to Korean Consonant 3.

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