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Korean Combined Vowels

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Continue our Learn Korean lessons, in Learn Korean Lesson 1 – Consonants and Vowels, you know that there are 10 basic Korean vowels and 11 Korean combined vowels. You have learn the 10 basic vowels in Korean Vowels. Have you memories all of them? Now, continue our Korean Vowels lessons, in this lesson you will learn the Korean combined vowels and diphthongs formed from the basic vowels in previous Korean vowels lesson.

Korean Combined Vowels

About vertical vowels in which the initial consonant is places to the left (as in 아). About the horizontal vowels in which the initial consonant is placed above the vowel (as in 오). Now, in Korean Combined Vowels you will also learn about diphthongs which are combinations of vertical and horizontal vowels (as in 와). However, here are several things to note about combined vowels, we will go for it one by one.

The vowels 애 [ ae ] and vowels 에 [ e ] can be distinguished by careful pronunciation, when speaking most Koreans do not make any noticeable distinction between them, So in general, both 애 [ ae ] and 에 [ e ] uniformly pronounced [ e ].

The same rule applies to the vowels 얘 [ yae ] and 예 [ ye ], both are commonly pronounced as [ ye ].

The vowel 외 used to be pronounced as [ o ] but is now commonly pronounced 웨 [ we ] by Korean speakers nowadays. For 왜 [ wae ] and 웨 [ we ], both are commonly pronounced as [ we ].

Korean Diphthong Pronunciation 이중모음 발음 [ i-jungmo-eum-ba-reum ]

ㅐ [ ae ] – as in past 개 [ gae ] – dog 새 [ sae ] – bird 내일 [nae-il ] – tomorrow
ㅒ[ yae ] – as in yeah 얘기 [ yae-gi ] – story
ㅔ [ e ] – as in best 게 [ ge ] – crab 제발 [ je-bal ] – please 세로 [ se-ro ] – vertical
ㅖ [ ye ] – as in yesterday 계속하다 [ gye-sok-ha-da ] – be continue 무례하다 [ mu-rye-ha-da ] – to be rude 예술 [ ye-sul ] – art
ㅘ [ wa ] – as in want 와 [ wa ] – wow 과수원 [ gwa-su-won ] – orchard 과일 [ gwa-il ] – fruit
ㅙ [ wae ] – as in waiter 돼지 [ dwae-ji ] – pig 왜 [ wae ] – why 쾌활하다 [ kwae-hwal-ha-da ] – to be cheerful
ㅞ [ we ] – as in weather 웨이터 [ we-i-teo ] – waiter 훼방 [ hwe-bang ] – to slander; to disturb
ㅚ [ oe ] – as in west 외국 [ oe-guk ] – foreign country 괴물 [ goe-mul ] – monster 쇠고기 [ soe-go-gi ] – beef
ㅟ [ wi ] – as in we 휘파람 [ hwi-pa-ram ] – whistle 사위 [ sa-wi ] – son-in-law 위 [ wi ] – up
ㅝ [ wo ] – as in wonder 샤워하다 [ sya-wo-ha-da ] – to shower 워싱턴 [ wo-sing-teon ] – Washington 미워하다 [ mi-wo-ha-da ] – to hate
ㅢ [ ui ] – as in gooey 의사 [ ui-sa ] – doctor 의형제 [ ui-hyeong-je ] – sworn brothers 수의사 [ su-ui-sa ] – veterinarian

Continue and learn Korean consonants.

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