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History timeline Korean war

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History timeline Korean war started from year 1945 to year 1953. At the close of World War II, the victorious Allied Powers did not know what to do with the Korean Peninsula. North and South Korea had been a Japanese colony since the late nineteenth century, so westerners thought the country incapable of self-rule. The Korean people, however, were eager to re-establish an independent nation of Korea. View 1950 1953 Korean war and Cause and effects of Korean war.

History timeline Korean war

History timeline Korean war

History timeline Korean war

The Korean War began when North Korea invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950. North Korea’s communist leaders desired a unified, communist Korea, but they did not anticipate President Truman’s fierce dedication to his policy of containment and a quick U.S. military response. The Korean War, defined by two years of stalemate along the 37th parallel, became the heated conflict of the Cold War and showed the world that the United States would defend all democracies against Communist invasion.

15 August 1945

  • Korea divided into US and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel

26 July 1947

  • President Truman’s National Security Act creates US Department of Defense

15 August 1948

  • After supervised elections, US military government turns over power to Republic of Korea

25 June 1950

  • Korean war begins
  • North Korean People’s Army invades South Korea
  • UN calls for an end of aggression

27 June 1950

  • UN asks member countries to aid Republic of Korea
  • US announces intervention
  • North Korea attacks Seoul airfield

28 June 1950

  • US bombers attack troops in Han River area
  • North Korean army captures Seoul

30 June 1950

  • President Truman orders ground forces into Korea and authorizes Air Force to bomb North Korea

5 July 1950

  • Near Osan, Task Force Smith troops fight for the first time and suffer heavy casualties

18 July 1950

  • US Cavalry lands at Pohangdong
  • US aircraft destroy key oil refinery in Wonsan

22 July 1950

  • Battle for Taejon ends with heavy US losses and retreat

4 August 1950

  • Pusan perimeter established in southeastern Korea

13 August 1950

  • First UN counterattack collapses

15 August 1950

  • Four-day battle of “the Bowling Alley”
  • UN forces hold back North Korean offensive

5 September 1950

  • Battle of Pusan

15 September 1950

  • Battle of Incheon
  • Incheon landing of UN forces

25 September 1950

  • Battle of Seoul

27 September 1950

  • Marines reach Seoul capital building

29 September 1950

  • UN troops complete recapture of Seoul

7 October 1950

  • UN forces cross 38th parallel
  • UN sanctions defeat of North Korea and attempted reunification

8 October 1950

  • Chinese enters into Korean war

14 October 1950

  • Chinese Communist troops cross Yalu River into Korea

19 October 1950

  • UN captures Pyongyang, the North Korean capital

1 November 1950

  • US and Chinese forces meet
  • Chinese attack in force near Unsan

24 November 1950

  • General Douglas MacArthur’s final “Home by Christmas” offensive begins

11 December 1950

  • End of Chinese strike against marine and army divisions at Chosin Reservoir
  • Marines retreat

4 Jan 1951

  • Seoul captured by Chinese

25 January 1951

  • Operation Thunderbolt begins
  • UN forces resume offensive

11 February 1951

  • Chinese counteroffensive begins north of Hoengsong

1 March 1951

  • UN line reaches between the 37th and 38th Parallels

18 March 1951

  • UN forces retake Seoul

11 April 1951

  • General MacArthur dismissed, General Matthew Ridgway given command

13 June 1951

  • UN forces dig in on the 38th Parallel

10 July 1951

  • Truce talks begin at Kaesong
  • Communists break off talks six weeks later

23 September 1951

  • UN forces take Heartbreak Ridge after 18-day battle

27 November 1951

  • Truce talks resume at Panmunjom

28 March 1953

  • North Korean and Chinese leaders agree to POW exchange

18 April 1953

  • Three days battle of Pork Chop Hill ends in victory for UN forces

26 April 1953

  • Full peace talks resume at Panmunjom

14 June 1953

  • Communist offensive pushes Republic of Korea troops south

18 June 1953

  • South Koreans release 27,000 North Korean POWs, who refuse repatriation

25 June 1953

  • “Little Truce Talks” secure Republic of Korea’s acceptance of armistice
  • Chinese launch massive attacks against South Korean divisions

10 July 1953

  • Communists return to negotiations

27 July 1953

  • Cease fire signed
  • Korean war ends 12 hours later

4 September 1953

  • Processing of POWs for repatriation begins at Freedom Village, Panmunjom

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