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Educational System of Korea

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Today, Emagasia going to introduce the educational System of Korea. The educational System of Korea is view as an important factor in Korean culture. The educational System of Korea consists of six-year elementary schools, three-year middle schools, three-year high schools, and four-year colleges. Children enter elementary school at the age of 7. Elementary and middle school education is compulsory in Korea and there are two types of schools, namely, private schools and public schools.

Educational System of Korea


Educational System of Korea

Most levels of education, not including elementary school, rely on private institutions. Unlike the schools in other OECD countries, Korean schools demand longer class hours as students move up to higher grades. The higher their grades get, the longer and more rigorous their study hours become in preparation for entering college, “Suneung”, the College Scholastic Ability Test set by Korea Institute of Curriculum & Evaluation is required for college admissions. The applicants should also take interviews and essat tests at the colleges they are applying to. Not only Suneung scores but also high school records along with volunteer work experience are considered as important factors in evaluating admission to a college.

In the past when, due to it’s shortage of natural resources, Korea was not well off, the expense of educating children was a heavy burden to most Korean families. Some poor families made significant personal sacrifices to educate their children. The education fever was an important factor in the nation’s miraculous economic growth and transformation into a well-educated nation in the decades after liberation from Japanese occupation. Korea has become a good example for some other countries to follow in establishing educational policies.

Credit: Seoul National University

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