Cause and effects of Korean war
We have already seen 1950 1953 Korean war. Now, we will look at the Cause and effects of Korean war which started after World war II from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 27 1953. It has been more than a half century ago since Korean war, which was a significant event for both North and South Korea as well as other countries who were involved in the Korean War. Korean war is still influencing North and South Korea internally and externally. It is marked as a tragedy in modern contemporary history that destroyed the entire nation of Korea and killed millions of people. The effect of Korean War is visible in living conditions of people, structure of society and understanding of the society. The War’s influence is deeply embedded in both North and South Korean’s history, controlling the consciousness and perception of the people. Below are the Cause and effects of Korean war.
Cause and effects of Korean war
Cause of the Korean war
The Korean War took place between two opposing Korean regimes – South Korea and North Korea. From the 7th century Korea existed as a single country. After the war between China and Japan in 1894-1895, certain parts of Korea were occupied by Japan. The Japanese conquered the entire Korea in August 1910 until the end of World War II both the United States and the Soviet Union occupied the Korean peninsula. The United States approached the United Nations to resolve the issue of a divided Korea. A United Nations Commission decided to hold elections in Korea. Not only the communists in North Korea refused to allow the election, the communists in South Korea also boycotted it.
The government in South Korea was formed by the anti-communist Syngman Rhee. The Soviet Union put Kim ll-Sung as head of North Korea. In 1948 rival governments were established: The Republic of Korea was proclaimed in the South and the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea in the North. Relations between them became increasingly strained.
The North Korean forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950. The United Nations quickly condemned the invasion as an act of aggression, demanded the withdrawal of North Korean troops from the South, and called upon its members to aid South Korea. The Chinese entered the war for acquiring strategic depth. They wanted to use North Korea as a buffer against possible US invasion. The United States wanted to stop the spread of communism. The Soviet Union wanted to spread communism to as many countries as possible.
The armistice of 27 July 1953 ended the fighting in Korea. The armistice was a temporary cease-fire and not a treaty of peace. It reflected the realization by all the involved parties that neither side had either the means or the will to compel the other to submit to its political agenda. The conflict has remained, despite border clashes and sporadic incidents, for more than half a century.
Effects of the war
In the three years of fighting 1,263 men of the Commonwealth forces were killed and a further 4,817 were wounded, while the United States lost 33,000 men. Australian casualties numbered more than 1,500, of whom 339 were killed. Almost half a million South Koreans died as a result of the war, and an unknown number of North Koreans and Chinese.
The country was totally gone after long period of war as image below. 1950 1953 Korean war destroyed the entire nation of Korea and killed millions of people. The effects of Korean war has splited Korea into North Korea and South Korea. Many Korean families were split with relatives on either sides of the border due to different kind of thoughts, either communism or non-communism. There were several casualties on both sides though the exact figure may never be known.
The Korean War created more friction between the United States and the Soviet Union. The war demonstrated the will of the United States to do everything possible to prevent the proliferation of communism. A feeling of enmity developed between China and the United States that would last for decades. This war created a fear in the United States of the domino effects of communism. The United States intervened in Vietnam to avoid another North Korea. South Korea became an important US military base with thousands of American troops stationed there. The Korean War never ended. The inability of the two sides to resolve their differences has meant that the two Koreas and their allies have had to remain on a battle ready state along the border ever since.
Today, South Korea has become a major economic and technological power. North Korea is still a poverty-stricken, heavily militarized nation. It is hoped that one day the two Koreas will become one. On 4 October 2007 the South Korean Leader Roh Moo-Hyun and the North Korean leader Kim Jong-il signed an eight-point peace agreement on issues of permanent peace, economic cooperation, high-level talks, renewal of highway, air travel and train services. North Korea has carried out a controversial nuclear test and several ballistic missile tests. A nuclear North Korea is a threat to both Japan and South Korea.
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