1950 1953 Korean war
1950 1953 Korean war started after World war II from 25 June 1950 to 27 July 27 1953. Korea has been divided into a Communist, northern half and an American-occupied southern half, divided at the 38th parallel due to the failure of the negotiation of elections for the entirety of Korea between both of them. This violent conflict continue for more than three years. The northern half is now known as North Korea ( officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea ) on the other hand, the southern half is now known as South Korea ( officially the Republic of Korea ).
1950 1953 Korean war
From the 7th century Korea existed as a single country. After the war between China and Japan in 1894-1895, certain parts of Korea were occupied by Japan. The Japanese conquered the entire Korea in August 1910. Hence, the period before 1950 1953 Korean war, Korea was occupied by Japanese for about 35 years towards the conclusion of World War II both the United States and the Soviet Union occupied the Korean peninsula. Japanese rules and regulations were harsh. Korean and its literature were prohibited from schools and conscription began in 1938 and Koreans had suffered under Japanese colonization.
At the close of World War II, forces of both the Soviet Union and the United States occupied the peninsula in accordance with an agreement put forth by the United States government to divide the Korean peninsula. This decision, which was made without consultation of the Korean people, was made by then Colonel Dean Rusk and Army officer Charles Bonesteel.
The Soviet forces entered the peninsula on 10 August 1945 with the Japanese surrender imminent, and remained north of the 38th parallel waiting for the US forces to arrive. A few weeks later, the American forces entered through Incheon led by U.S. Army Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge and formally accepted the surrender of Japanese forces south of the 38th parallel on 9 September 1945 at Government House in Seoul.
After that, The United States approached the United Nations to resolve the issue of a divided Korea. A United Nations Commission decided to hold elections in Korea. Not only the communists in North Korea refused to allow the election, the communists in South Korea also boycotted it. The government in South Korea was formed by the anti-communist Syngman Rhee. The Soviet Union put Kim ll-Sung as head of North Korea.
In 1948 rival governments were established: The Republic of Korea was proclaimed in the South and the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea in the North. The Communist government in North Korea promoted and supported an insurgency in South Korea in an attempt to bring down the recognized government and gain jurisdiction over the entire Korean peninsula. Relations between them became increasingly strained.
Not quite two years later, after the insurgency showed signs of failing, the northern government undertook a direct attack, sending the North Korea People’s Army south across the 38th parallel before daylight on 25 June 1950. This is the beginning of a Korean war between peoples of a divided country.
1950 Korean war
Early in the morning of 25 June 1950, the armed forces of Communist North Korea attacked South Korea that achieved complete surprise. Although attacks came all along the border, the major North Korean thrust was in the west of the Korean peninsula, toward Seoul, the capital of South Korea. By 28 June 1950, Seoul had fallen, and across the peninsula, everywhere south of the Han River. Hence, North Korean forces continued their southward drive towards the strategically important port of Pusan.
In response, United States had offered air and sea support to South Korea and the United Nations Security Council asked all its members to assist in repelling the North Korean attack. The heaviest burden of the war, however, was borne by South Korea itself. A total of twenty-one nations responded by providing troops, ships, aircraft and medical teams.
1953 Korean war
United States and North Korean comes to an agreement on 27 July 1953 after 2 years and 17 days of fighting. Even though this agreement technically brought the war to an end, but a state of suspended hostilities continued to exist between North and South Korea for many years, and even today the situation remains unresolved.
In the three years of fighting 1,263 men of the Commonwealth forces were killed and a further 4,817 were wounded, while the United States lost 33,000 men. Australian casualties numbered more than 1,500, of whom 339 were killed. Almost half a million South Koreans died as a result of the war, and an unknown number of North Koreans and Chinese. The country was totally gone after long period of war as image below. 1950 1953 Korean war destroyed the entire nation of Korea and killed millions of people.
Name of 1950 1953 Korean war
Different countries called 1950 1953 Korean war differently. So, lets see whats the difference as follows.
South Korea people called 1950 1953 Korean war as 625 or 625 War ( 625 전쟁 ), but formally, they called it as Hanguk Jeonjaeng ( 한국전쟁/韓國戰爭 )
North Korea people called 1950 1953 Korean war as Joguk Haebang Jeonjaeng ( 조국해방전쟁/祖國解放戰爭 ) means Fatherland Liberation War
United States called 1950 1953 Korean war as Korean conflict rather than a war in order to avoid the necessity of a declaration of war by the U.S. Congress. 1950 1953 Korean war sometimes called The Forgotten War or The Unknown War because it is a major conflict of the 20th century that gets far less attention than World War II, which preceded it, and the Vietnam War, which succeeded it.
1950 1953 Korean war was known as the War to Resist America and Aid Korea (抗美援朝). However, nowadays, 1950 1953 Korean war is commonly known as Chaoxian zhanzheng ( 朝鮮戰爭 ), Hanguo zhanzheng ( 韓國戰爭 ), or simply Hanzhan ( 韓戰 ).